An Air Quality Report
Air quality is an important factor in human and environmental health. That is why it is important to monitor and analyze air pollution. In a city such as Port Moresby it is difficult to find specific data due to a lack of data collection. For this reason, looking at aggregate data of Papua New Guinea might be more useful. Papua New Guinea, unlike the United States, is in the process of economic development, meaning that they have higher levels of many greenhouse gas emissions. According to a resident and visitor pole on the website Numbeo.com, the air pollution is ranked at roughly 50 on a scale of one to 100, making it neither clean nor noticeably dirty (“Pollution in Papua New Guinea”). While they attempt to build a stronger infrastructure, and develop big industry there are higher levels of NOx emissions from construction equipment and transportation. We can assume a large amount of NO2 from transportation, and diesel fuels in construction equipment (Neff, 2015). There is also the development of a new liquefied natural gas line in Papua New Guinea that is anticipated to increase revenues, but only speculations can be made of the effects that it’s, construction and completion might have on air quality (“PNG LNG Project Achieves Financial Completion”, 2015).
As a developing nation, Papua New Guinea does not disclose their environmental impact. They do not currently have any formal policies regarding air quality, which ExxonMobil seems to take advantage of in the LNG Pipeline project (“Air Quality and Noise”). This means that they do not have strong regulations on emissions like in many other more developed nations. Ranked at 157 out of 187 countries on the United Nations Human Development Index, makes this information unsurprising. They are still trying to mitigate problems created by a spiking population from displacement in Oceania, and development in general (“Papua New Guinea”, 2014). They run into further problems when there are mixes of cultural backgrounds including both Polynesian and Melanesian, which are similar yet completely different. This might be a reason for the high crime rate seen lately. Intensified crime puts more political pressure on dealing with such issues and less on the effects of development, including environmental (World Bank, 2015).
Air Quality and Noise. (n.d.). Retrieved February 19, 2015, from http://pnglng.com/downloads/fs_AirQualityNoise.pdf
The Costs of Crime and Violence in Papua New Guinea. (2014, August 15). Retrieved February 9, 2014, from http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2014/08/15/the-costs-of-crime- and-violence-in-papua-new-guinea
Neff, J. (2015). Atmosphere and Air Pollution. In A Changing Planet (Vol. 1). Pearson.
Papua New Guinea. (2014, January 1). Retrieved February 19, 2015, from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/all/themes/hdr_theme/country-notes/PNG.pdf
PNG LNG Project Achieves Financial Completion. (2015, February 6). Retrieved February 19, 2015, from http://pnglng.com/news/png-lng-project-achieves-financial-completion
Pollution in Papua New Guinea. (2015, February 1). Retrieved February 19, 2015, from http://www.numbeo.com/pollution/country_result.jsp?country=Papua New Guinea